Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer


By: Hajra Azam

Breast Cancer, the fifth major cause of death among women worldwide. It is contemplated as one of the deadliest cancer comparative to other cancers. In 2012, the total number of people diagnosed with breast cancer were 1.7 million.

As compared to men, women are more likely the sufferers of breast cancer. But there is no particularity that it can only be developed in women. At Johannesburg, South Africa, a retrospective file review was effectuated at two hospitals of male breast cancer from the year 2007 to 2012.

According to that review, there were 3000 cases came into observation in 5 years. Out of 3000 patients, the male patients were only 23. Although, the number is very small but it exists.

Breast Cancer Awareness

Since the rate of breast cancer is terribly increasing, every year, endeavors are made to overcome the stigma of breast cancer by enlightening people with its symptoms and treatment.

The distinguished symbol for breast cancer is Pink Ribbon, adopted all across the world

Campaigns are arranged to educate people about its severity. The responsibilities of campaigns are usually perceived by Non-Profit NGO’s and National Breast Cancer organizations. These organization are succored with relevant finance by “corporate sponsorships”.

Extremity of Breast Cancer

The danger of breast cancer is intensified each decade until menopause. When menstruation ceases, its risk slow down. However, women usually develop the mentioned disease after the menopause. Menopause typically occurs at the age of 45 or 50. Women or men remain unaware about the cancer and consequently die because of late diagnose. With the advancement of science and technology, the patients are diagnosed at early stages. Hence, it increases the rate of survival.

Countries affected by Breast Cancer:

In 2012, the statistics shown the following countries has the highest rate of Breast cancer:

  1. Belgium
  2. Denmark
  3. France
  4. The Netherlands
  5. Bahamas
  6. Iceland
  7. United Kingdom
  8. Barbados
  9. United States of America
  10. Ireland
  11. French Polynesia
  12. Germany
  13. Italy
  14. Finland
  15. Luxembourg
  16. New Caledonia
  17. Australia
  18. Malta
  19. New Zealand
  20. Switzerland

Aforementioned countries has the highest incidence of Breast Cancer. The regions these countries related to, are Northern America and Oceania. Whilst Africa and Asia has lower incidence of Breast Cancer.

The major causes, symptoms and treatment of Breast Cancer is as following:


The causes which increases the risk of developing Breast Cancer are:

  • Anno Domini (AD)
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol
  • Family History of Cancer
  • Sex Hormones or other hormones
  • Menstruation and Menopause
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Contraceptive Pills
  • X-Rays and Radiography

Although, these are the risk factors of Breast Cancer but, sometimes it occurs without any reason. Its development doesn’t always require such conditions. Human body can develop the tumors even without any reason.


The campaigns managed by the organizations for the awareness of Breast Cancer educate people about the symptoms or signs related to cancer It indicates the development of Cancer within the body. The symptoms are:

  • Breast lumps
  • Change in size, shape or feel or breast
  • Breast Pain
  • Skin Changes
  • Change in the position of Nipple
  • Leakage of Fluid from the nipple

If these symptoms are found, the proper treatment is required. Otherwise, this disease may cause your death.

Stages of Breast Cancer:

  1. Early Breast Cancer: The Cancer hasn’t spread all over body.
  2. Local Recurrence: Cancer relapsed after the treatment
  3. Locally advanced Breast Cancer: Severe stage of Early Breast Cancer
  4. Secondary Breast Cancer: Also known as “Metastatic Breast Cancer”. In this stage, cancer reaches to other parts of the body


Grade means what the cancer cells look like under the microscope. Breast cancers can be:

  • low grade – grade 1 (slow growing)
  • intermediate grade – grade 2
  • high grade – grade 3 (faster growing)


Doctors prescribe the treatment in accordance with the stage of patients. Following are the Treatments for each stage patient:

  1. Surgery for Breast Cancer
  2. Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer
  3. Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer
  4. Hormone Therapy
  5. Targeted Cancer Drugs
  6. Follow-up Appointments
  7. Cancer Relapsing treatment


The world require more attention towards Breast Cancer. Its influence on health is terrible. People with Breast Cancer suffers and eventually die because of lack of medical care. In Africa and Asia, undoubtedly, has lowest prevalence of Breast Cancer but these countries are ignorant to its appropriate treatments. More campaigns and awareness programs are required.

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